Shanghai también es el primer puerto del mundo en tráfico de contenedores

Shanghai, el primer puerto del mundo en tráfico de contenedores, también es el puerto mejor conectado a nivel internacional, según un informe de la United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

El índice de conectividad de transporte marítimo  de UNCTAD, organización perteneciente a  Naciones Unidad, tiene como objetivo  posicionar los puertos en la red global de servicios marítimos. En el estudio se extraen datos de un total de más 900 puerto que operan contenedores.

El puerto chino de Shanghai obtiene una tasa de conectividad de 134,3 puntos. Le siguen algunos de  los principales puertos de contenedores: Singapur (124,6 puntos), Pusan (114,4) y Ningbo (114,3), Hong Kong (102,7), Amberes (93,7), Rotterdam (92,7 ), Qingdao (92,5), Port Klang (86,1) , Kaohsiung (83). Xiamen (79) y Xingang (78).

Valencia, primer puerto español en conectividad

En el caso de los puertos españoles (ver cuadro adjunto), UNCTAD concede los mayores índices a Valencia (61,6 puntos- puesto 27) , Algeciras (60,5- puesto 31) y Barcelona (59,6-puesto 32).

Índice de conectividad de transporte marítimo de línea, anual

AÑO20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
China, Shanghai81,6789,60109,76105,26107,17122,48117,16117,80120,22125,34127,86126,39133,58134,32
Singapore, Singapore94,9499,46102,4599,75108,69115,71115,48113,42111,11116,95118,35118,06128,10124,63
Korea, Republic of , Pusan77,3878,6680,4084,6884,3097,4696,2899,10101,46108,19109,84108,85111,96114,45
China, Ningbo56,0467,8278,5477,7378,7989,3289,8492,0496,91101,32104,06106,79116,27114,35
China, Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong100,00105,66113,48103,42105,78112,92105,98106,21107,24107,35104,21102,55107,79102,79
Belgium, Antwerp81,5083,0683,5783,6189,5690,3586,1583,6484,7489,4992,2993,4394,8193,73
Netherlands, Rotterdam77,1484,0889,5386,0787,6187,8387,5781,4588,6389,6689,9188,4093,7192,75
China, Qingdao47,7552,5853,6958,5956,5769,6865,5268,1069,6277,9788,0588,8292,2992,52
Malaysia, Port Klang61,9266,5569,2066,5569,3181,6881,1280,5478,4883,1791,4480,3583,7486,17
China, Taiwan Province of, Kaohsiung60,9056,7358,5657,1857,2361,3558,2261,7063,5372,8472,1371,8173,3583,01
China, Xiamen43,3449,4347,0955,2858,5963,0757,6161,9661,5067,0673,1370,9878,4079,05
China, Xingang40,1045,0449,1250,2157,9260,5961,7665,4164,2464,0668,4474,5578,3278,02
Germany, Hamburg73,3574,4075,5672,3671,5978,6175,4274,3472,0576,2180,5774,9377,5377,46
China, Shekou34,7035,7842,2442,3543,7356,3557,6558,1959,9060,3557,9266,0779,7177,35
United Arab Emirates, Jebel Ali37,9242,8548,0258,9862,8863,6263,1564,4262,4661,8664,9770,8176,0174,55
China, Yantian47,0354,4061,5255,7360,1568,3364,8864,6468,9271,8073,4174,5078,6273,37
China, Nansha18,6524,8230,0929,1430,8342,5145,1045,2846,0048,3752,0053,0358,2566,83
Malaysia, Tanjung Pelepas34,2541,9736,1148,2737,7454,1356,0857,4461,2364,5963,1562,6064,2466,69
Sri Lanka, Colombo35,8341,9542,3338,1739,1242,2342,5841,3545,2050,8256,3763,0264,0463,52
China, Dalian38,9739,5741,2444,0344,8353,3255,5454,1356,0261,5062,9862,3463,1163,23
Greece, Piraeus31,9523,4426,4932,1928,9532,5242,3242,4245,8446,4845,0647,0954,2563,02
Germany, Bremerhaven50,1057,0462,5055,7354,3156,3760,3457,5163,3063,0364,9564,8066,2362,18
Spain, Valencia42,3944,5940,0445,9954,3255,6554,5953,4253,2553,3753,3954,2454,5861,68
Japan, Yokohama61,1261,5160,8260,3460,8758,2155,7256,2653,0564,1365,5758,6260,4261,65
Korea, Republic of , Kwangyang (Gwangyang)34,7434,8836,3840,1837,6141,6852,7454,2157,5662,0762,4258,9761,0161,04
France, Le Havre45,3547,6950,0147,3645,6752,6652,3954,0954,7954,4461,4559,2965,1060,93
Spain, Algeciras33,3537,7542,9940,6744,0134,0539,8246,7556,4554,1960,3462,2763,1860,50
Spain, Barcelona40,9043,3342,0341,7041,1346,2850,1148,9849,0551,5950,6752,1752,8259,68
Egypt, Port Said39,4436,4039,0236,1736,1140,0645,3445,7449,4649,6048,7646,1254,1956,86
Thailand, Laem Chabang34,8735,8135,2834,0740,4240,6738,7440,6142,4944,3746,4243,6045,8055,05
Morocco, Tanger Med20,6529,9243,8742,6245,7046,3252,6352,5356,2458,8160,3353,62
Italy, Genoa38,1140,3737,4437,2837,7838,8346,3638,6740,4451,4054,2152,7251,8752,71
United Kingdom, Felixstowe44,3244,8241,3544,4152,9051,2448,0547,4145,3654,7257,7454,2557,7752,35
Japan, Tokyo46,1644,9843,5245,7449,1250,6447,8947,6946,1548,7846,8945,7252,8652,04
Saudi Arabia, Jeddah38,8941,0841,4742,2441,3044,3349,9850,7449,4747,3648,4846,5048,4450,20
United States of America, New York/New Jersey36,0935,8133,4435,9739,1539,8141,5640,7840,4741,3740,7439,1248,4649,92
United States of America, Savannah33,2232,3131,8332,5433,5239,0639,7339,5740,2239,7239,3845,2648,6149,75
United Kingdom, London Gateway20,5125,4626,1238,3540,8649,26
United Kingdom, Southampton25,1829,4328,4328,7730,9132,2234,2337,8538,2940,0545,3249,0650,0349,07
Italy, Gioia Tauro31,7533,6435,0035,7429,6838,7238,5640,1340,6340,9338,6441,3341,5848,98
China, Taiwan Province of, Taipei19,7221,0921,5526,0224,7225,2527,0737,6037,9338,7048,81
Turkey, Ambarli16,2215,4819,4618,4022,9224,4227,1943,5944,4045,6645,1844,1845,2747,49
Saudi Arabia, Damman20,1121,5422,7031,3330,5124,9527,9528,2028,5127,9329,6435,0538,2146,80
United Arab Emirates, Khalifa31,5032,3434,2234,6333,2236,2446,63
Malta, Marsaxlokk27,0930,0130,8635,6934,1836,1736,5240,6542,6945,0548,4945,3346,9746,52
Japan, Kobe54,2755,2155,0455,8654,7555,4252,7051,3951,2159,5560,9345,3644,9946,40
Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah30,6537,1734,8437,0440,0646,15
Oman, Salalah19,3626,1226,1634,5130,5932,6539,2939,6041,4337,0239,5849,4149,5046,11
Denmark, Aarhus22,4222,7723,1123,6824,2135,8636,5835,3641,4343,6340,0843,1545,3745,80
Poland, Gdansk5,285,276,355,9122,6833,0133,0833,3840,0241,5442,8642,7646,9545,70
Germany, Wilhelmshaven18,4718,7037,4437,7841,8146,0345,59
Viet Nam, Vung Tau22,5430,8829,8423,6522,2926,1735,8338,8540,5545,27
India, Mundra16,8218,0820,1719,7622,7025,6130,6333,4933,0837,0546,0745,1346,0545,09
Sweden, Gothenburg24,5724,4323,1726,6026,1037,6539,4636,3641,3731,7140,6343,9144,6344,94
Turkey, Mersin20,3619,1624,2623,3018,9719,1321,0622,8626,1929,0930,4139,4945,3844,25
Belgium, Zeebrugge26,2729,4730,1239,8033,3136,9937,8636,6235,3239,3535,5337,9933,9044,14
India, Nhava Sheva32,2934,2236,0335,7334,7534,8731,5131,8133,2937,4444,5142,9144,2443,92
Viet Nam, Haiphong12,1914,2917,8318,0819,3519,5318,7918,5419,2321,6021,6921,2024,4043,64
France, Fos27,9229,4129,9528,5030,2833,3640,2341,3942,0641,4442,9843,5444,0743,54
France, Dunkirk25,3324,6311,6724,5623,8227,1431,8734,1433,9029,6538,8040,7141,9443,13
United States of America, Charleston28,1427,2026,2823,2828,9729,8531,2030,6531,4232,5432,5438,2642,1843,13
Indonesia, Jakarta30,3930,5330,9632,7031,7332,2932,7434,6833,3934,2533,4241,5844,0143,09
United States of America, Oakland34,5933,4734,5633,8133,6138,5538,3839,4841,6937,8744,2544,4944,7142,97
United States of America, Norfolk33,1331,9329,2929,2131,2532,7734,4233,4834,0935,4035,3440,9741,2742,63
Japan, Nagoya51,4852,4750,6051,3350,3650,2847,9348,2246,5255,7056,1142,4942,6742,31
United States of America, Los Angeles33,3233,4730,0331,5530,2331,1534,2135,6338,6741,4641,5742,4342,2941,95
Viet Nam, Ho Chi Minh City20,5222,1623,2521,4822,9223,4023,7427,2337,3940,1554,4030,4227,8541,88
Israel, Haifa20,9221,6320,7720,2221,0320,3718,0128,4527,7028,7131,5035,5937,8341,28
Italy, La Spezia25,6826,8927,5226,2828,5334,5138,3240,1239,6139,3440,1941,8343,5841,21